Employment Information Germany
Important data regarding the employment in Germany of Romanian citizens.
Please read the following details carefully, and if you have any questions do not hesitate to contact us by email.
In order to have a safe and long working career in Germany, and of course a smooth integration, we would like to inform you as much about the standardized German pay procedures as well as the German work ethic.
Before sending us your CV and starting the procedure for finding a job in Germany for you, we need your written consent that we may allow your personal data to be transcribed and stored. to potential German employers. Your personal data will only be sent for the purpose of your employment and will be kept with us for a maximum period of six months. You can send us a request at any time to delete this data from our system.
YOUR WORK CONTRACT FOR EMPLOYMENT IN GERMANY
The employment contract is through us only in legal form with pension and medical insurance documents like any employee in Germany and is signed on your arrival directly with the German employer. You have a contract that is priced according to the German tariff depending on your job and your qualification. This tariff does not make any difference between German employees and those from other European countries. Medialjob company pre-selects and interviews on behalf of German employers, personnel from the European community. As such, it has no influence on the final choice of the ideal candidate, this choice being made exclusively by the employer.
SUPPORT OFFERED BY MEDIALJOB
Medialjob company pre-selects candidates who are looking for a job in Germany on behalf of German employers.
The interview service in Romanian language is provided by German employers through us. This service is completely free for you.
After being employed in Germany as a pre-selector of Medialjob on behalf of the employer, he does not have the right to intervene in employee-employer relations. The contractual relations between the employee and the employer contain personal / confidential information, and are protected by law. All the contractual and administrative questions that will intervene during the course, will be debated and solved exclusively directly between you and the employer.
THE FIRST STEPS TO FOLLOW AT YOUR ARRIVAL THE EMPLOYER
REGISTRATION IN RENTAL AREA IN GERMANY (ANMELDUNG).
Your employer makes available to you according to your contractual data the registration in the living space in front of you, having rooms that you make available to the staff and you are listed with the address there or you can rent on the real estate market near the location with the address in that space housing.
The obligatory task of the employee is to register alone by presenting himself / herself personally at the local state office * Einwohnermeldeamt or Bürgerbüro where with a certificate issued by the person renting space and your original bulletin you will receive an act of registration in the space (Mungebestt). ).
* It is not necessary to present the employment contract.
German law § 17 BMG Bundesmeldegesetz provides for your personal presentation at your local office. The employer or the person renting the living space does not have the right to make the space registration for you.
OPENING AN ACCOUNT IN BAnec
After being hired in Germany, opening a bank account requires your personal presentation to one of the banks of your choice. The employer or other natural person does not have the right to open your account. The following documents are required to open the bank account:
The original bulletin;
The act of registration in space from the local state office * Meldebestätigung
To open the bank account, the language of communication is German or English.
PROOF OF LEGAL WORK IN GERMANY
The employer makes you a work record before starting work. This employee's work record is made online or through the accounting office the employer works with in order to record your data at the LABOR REGISTRATION OFFICE REPRESENTED BY ZOLL * www.zoll.de
§ 28a Sozialgesetzbuch Viertes Buch (SGB IV)
Your registration with one of the health insurance companies such as DAK, the German State together with the Ministry of Finance has proof of your legal registration in the field of work. You have the proof of your legality only by receiving the first envelope from the medical insurance in Germany (It takes about 7 working days until you receive this envelope) and the salary slip where all the state payments such as income tax, pension, medical insurance, unemployment etc.
The employer is obliged to give you the salary payment status every month between 01 and 10 depending on how you receive it from the authorized salary calculation center.
ACTS REQUIRED FOR EMPLOYMENT IN GERMANY
Graduation diploma of the specialized school according to the position you occupy.
For those who have worked in Germany, it is also necessary to present the tax number (Steuernummer) as well as the number of social insurance (Sozialversicherungsnummer).
These identification numbers are unique and are given once in a lifetime and are issued by the German Ministry of Finance.
SALARY PROCEDURE AFTER EMPLOYMENT IN GERMANY.
Most German employers carry out the payment statements of their employees in external accounting films where the individual payment status is calculated and issued.
The salary is always paid between 01 and 12 of the month, the exact date being different depending on the employer.
Your salary is paid once a month, being paid only by bank transfer. To pay your salary it is necessary to open an account in euro in Germany. The bank account can only be opened by presenting your ID, along with the proof from the city hall where you are listed with the address in Germany.
FIRST MONTH WORK AT EMPLOYER
As everywhere in the world, after being hired in Germany the first month of work at the employer is the most difficult period in which both the employee and the employer can express their wish to cease working. Given that German employers are required by law to pay employees' salaries only after the tax assessment made by an external accounting center that has the respective license and only by bank transfer on behalf of the employee (Here the German state by the tax law wants to avoid non-taxable transactions) payment on account of the first salary may take up to one month when all employees receive the salary. This can bring unpleasant situations to the employee especially when he does not have the money needed to travel back to the country or if he has found a new job in the meantime with another employer. In these situations we strive to mediate the best possibility on both sides.
RAW AND NET SALARY & GERMAN FISCAL SYSTEM
The calculation of the gross-net salary is established by the tax register in Germany (Finanzamt)
Your employer will do the monthly salary calculation of the employees at a specialized calculation center in Germany. You can calculate your net salary on the following sites:
GERMAN FISCAL TAXATION SYSTEM.
The classification in the tax tax class in Germany is done by law by the Ministry of Finance and not by the employer.
After being hired in Germany to qualify for the taxation class you belong to, depending on your civil status (married-unmarried) and due to different taxation in Germany, you must register at the town hall (Rathaus) where you will be required to register in living space from the employer (Meldebescheinigung). With this proof (Meldebescheinigung) a German tax identification number, Steuer-ID, must be requested from the regional financial administration (Finanzamt). Without this Steuer-ID you will be automatically classified in the 6th tax class, the least advantageous for employees with the highest tax rate.
Applying for a tax number (Steuer-ID) can be done after the beginning of a work contract. In this case, the German state will return the tax difference retained in the months when the new tax class was not valid. Therefore, the possession of a tax number (Steuer-ID) is important, in order to avoid over-taxation.
Night bonuses and statutory holiday days in Germany are exempt from tax payment and taxable social contributions, not influenced by membership of a tax class.
The tax system in Germany is classified into 6 different classes (Steuerklassen) as follows:
If you came to Germany alone but you are married, the German tax bracket is in tax class 1 because your spouse is not in German territory and does not pay the respective taxes as such.
STEUERKLASSE 1- TAXATION CLASS 1
Includes all persons who are not married: single, divorced, widowed or living separately.
STEUERKLASSE 2.- TAXATION CLASS 2
This class offers benefits for single or divorced employees who raise one or more children alone. The condition is that one of the children lives with him and they are registered in the same living space in Germany.
STEUERKLASSE 3 - TAXATION CLASS 3
It is the advantageous taxation class for married employees - the partner to be classified in taxation class V. This class is suitable for families where one of the spouses earns much more or is the only one who has an income in Germany.
STEUERKLASSE 4 - TAXATION CLASS 4
It is for married employees with close wages, being perfectly identical to class I. In this case, the partner obtains class IV. A combination with class five or three is not possible.
STEUERKLASSE 5 - TAXATION CLASS 5
It is the disadvantageous taxation class for the married if the partner is in class III. The employee in this class will pay higher taxes and will have a lower net salary.
STEUERKLASSE 6 - TAXATION CLASS 6
It is the tax class for employees who do not have a living space in Germany, and do not have a valid tax number (Steuer ID). It is often applied to workers from abroad.
PERIOD OF LEGAL PROOF ACCORDING TO GERMAN LAW.
German law provides for a probationary period of three to six months. This probation period is determined by the German employer.
LEGAL NOTICE IN GERMANY
The legal notice in Germany is according to the law in the 14-day trial period and after the 30-day trial period.
Failure to comply with legal notice after employment in Germany
The consequences of non-compliance with the legal notice in Germany may result in a fine according to German law: Vertragsstrafen (§ 340, §341 ff. BGB) up to a gross salary of the employee. Here the German law states that for whatever reasons the employee has, he is not allowed by his action to impede the work activity of the employer. Exceptions are made in the case of the death of one of the relatives of the 1st degree * Mother or Father with a paid leave of 5 days or of another family member with a leave of 2 days. * Only with the proof of the death certificate.
Also in case of non-observance of the legal notice, the employer is entitled according to the German law not to make the payment of the immediate salary, for the work rendered to him, but only on the date when the calculation of the salary for all the employees is done, this being in all Germany between 01 and 12 of the moon.
The German tax law provides for the payment of salaries EXCLUSIVELY ON THE EMPLOYEE'S ACCOUNT because they want to have a record of the payment made by the employer and avoid a possible deduction from the German tax.
ADDITIONAL HOURS AND SALARY INCREASES.
After working in Germany overtime and bonuses are paid by one month offset. For example, the extra hours realized in January will be paid together with the salary collected for February between 01-12 March. So the salary taken at the beginning of February will be represented by the work done in January without the extra hours, and at the beginning of March those extra hours from January will be collected. Overtime can be paid extra or given free depending on how many hours you have. Please ask the German employer how to do this. Here each proceeds differently.
Most German employers offer the possibility of staying in a single room or apartments that can be divided into two persons. The price of the rent varies depending on the area of Germany. (The southern area of Germany is the most expensive) The rent per person is between 160 and 680 €
The cost of your accommodation will be deducted from your monthly net salary.